Hazardous Cargo

Let our team of professionals with more than 14 years of experience take care of your ADR - hazardous cargo needs. Fill in the quote request form and our specialists will contact you shortly.
If you are interested in ADR - hazardous cargo services and would like to receive expert advice, please use the "Ask for advice" button on the home page of our website and we will gladly answer your queries.
According to statistics, nearly half of all cargo transported by various modes of transport is hazardous or ADR cargo. Hazardous cargo transport is a complex and responsible process that involves high risk. It requires extensive knowledge of applicable regulations, maximum focus on the transport task and the related intricacies. The specialists of Ursus Forwarding have accrued extensive experience in the transportation of various types of hazardous cargo.

We offer hazardous cargo services by road, by sea, by air and by rail. Our specialists will select the most appropriate transport solution for your hazardous (ADR) cargo taking into account its specifics, the route and other important considerations.
Hazardous Cargo

ADR - Hazardous Cargo

Hazardous cargo includes substances or items that, due to their properties, endanger human health, the environment, buildings, equipment and other tangible property. Among others, goods such as fuel, pesticides, acids, paints, aerosol sprays, fire extinguishers, solvents, adhesives, medical preparations, lithium batteries, are considered hazardous cargo. Hazardous substance lists include a total of more than 3,500 different substances.

Types of ADR - Hazardous Cargo

Ursus Forwarding provides hazardous cargo (ADR) services using the following modes of transport:

Transport of hazardous cargo (ADR) by road

Successful carriage of hazardous (ADR) cargo by road is subject to special requirements for the carrier’s fleet and requires highly qualified specialists with extensive practical experience in dealing with various types of hazardous cargo.

Hazardous cargo may only be transported in heavy goods vehicles labelled according to the ADR requirements and equipped with everything necessary to carry these types of cargo.

Ursus Forwarding has vehicles equipped for the transport of ADR cargo for both full and consolidated hazardous cargo transport.

Transport of hazardous cargo (ADR) by sea

Many high-demand industrial synthetic substances are considered hazardous goods. Such cargo is usually carried by sea, which poses a potential risk to humans and the environment, therefore ADR services by sea must be carried out in strict compliance with the regulations and instructions, and the carrier must take special care. When transporting ARD containers by sea, particular attention is paid to the distribution and securing of cargo in the container hold. Containers are appropriately labelled, stating the ADR class and the substance identification (UN) number. Handling of such cargo is only permitted at port terminals which have the relevant permits for the handling of dangerous goods.

Transport of hazardous cargo (ADR) by air

Hazardous cargo includes goods that are capable of posing a certain threat to the health and safety of humans; however, such cargo can also be transported by air, provided that all the requirements are observed. Some types of ADR cargo can be carried on either passenger or freight planes, while some others are only permitted to be carried by freight planes. There are also some types of ADR cargo which are not permitted to be transported by air. When selecting the packaging for the cargo, it should be taken into account that the cargo will be subjected to specific loads related to the take-off and landing of the aircraft, as well as air temperature and atmospheric pressure changes during the flight.

Transport of hazardous cargo (ADR) by rail

Rail freight is considered to be one of the safest and most reliable modes of transport, which is the reason it is the preferred mode of transport of hazardous (ADR) cargo for many companies. When transporting hazardous cargo by rail, it should be packaged in a special packaging made of material that does not react with the transported substance. Depending on the type of cargo transported, such packaging can be sealed tanks, canisters, containers, boxes, etc. Appropriate labelling is indispensable for ADR rail transport.
The cargo packaging/containers must be marked with appropriate labels indicating the contents of the cargo.
Incidents caused by dangerous goods (fire, environmental pollution, explosion, etc.) occurring during transportation or handling are relatively rare and usually occur as a result of a combination of certain conditions. To avoid such coincidences and potential hazards to the nature, buildings or humans, the transportation of hazardous (ADR) cargo takes place according to strict regulations and in compliance with all the required safety measures.

Classification of dangerous cargo

Under the European Agreement on the Carriage of Dangerous Goods

ADR kravu pārvadājumi

1. class

Explosives which, by their nature, can explode, cause fires, as well as equipment containing explosives, explosive substances and articles manufactured for explosive purposes or for the creation of a pyrotechnic effect.

1.1. subclass

Substances and articles which have a mass explosion hazard (a mass explosion is an explosion which affects almost the entire load virtually instantaneously).

1.2. subclass

Substances and articles which have a projection hazard but not a mass explosion hazard.

1.3. subclass

Substances and articles which have a fire hazard, as well as a minor explosion hazard.

1.4. subclass

Substances and articles which present only a slight risk of explosion in the event of ignition or initiation during carriage or do not cause damage to equipment or packaging in the case of fire or initiation.

1.5. subclass

Very insensitive substances having a mass explosion hazard which are so insensitive that there is very little probability of initiation or of transition from burning to detonation under normal conditions of carriage.

1.6. subclass

Extremely insensitive articles and substances which demonstrate a negligible probability of accidental initiation or propagation.
ADR bīstamo kravu pārvadājumi

2. class

Compressed gas, refrigerated and liquified under pressure or dissolved under pressure gas meeting at least one of the following criteria:

  • absolute vapour pressure of more than 300 kPa (three bar) at 50 °C;
  • critical temperature below 50 °C.
According to physical state, gases are classified as follows:

  • compressed gas, critical temperature below 10 °C;
  • liquefied gas, critical temperature equal to or above -10 °C but lower than 70 °C;
  • liquefied gas, critical temperature equal to or above 70 °C;
  • gas dissolved under pressure;
  • refrigerated liquefied gas;
  • aerosols and compressed gases subject to specific requirements.
2.1. subclass - non-flammable gases
2.2. subclass - non-flammable toxic gases
2.3. subclass - flammable gases
2.4. subclass - flammable toxic gases
2.5. subclass - chemically unstable gases
2.6. subclass - chemically unstable toxic gases
uzliesmojošu šķidrumu transportēšana

3. class

Flammable liquids, mixtures of liquids, as well liquids containing solids in a solution or suspensions releasing flammable vapours having a flash point in a closed crucible of 61 °C and below.

3.1. subclass

Flammable liquids with a low flash point – liquids having a flash point in closed crucible below -18 °С, or having a flash point in combination with other hazardous characteristics.

3.2. subclass

Flammable liquids with medium flash point – a liquid with a flash point in a closed crucible from -18 °C to +23 °С.

3.3. subclass

Flammable liquids with a high flash point – a liquid with a flash point in a closed crucible from +23 °C to +61 °С inclusive.
viegli uzliesmojošu vielu kravu pārvadājumi

4. class

Flammable substances and materials (except those classified as explosives), which during transportation easily catch fire from external ignition sources, as a result of friction, absorption of moisture, spontaneous chemical reactions, as well as by heating.

4.1. subclass

Flammable solids capable of easily igniting from external sources of fire (sparks, flames or friction) and burning actively.

4.2. subclass

Self-igniting substances which under normal conditions of transport can spontaneously heat and ignite.

4.3. subclass

Substances that emit flammable gases in contact with water.
degošu vielu transportēšana

5. class

Oxidising substances and organic peroxides, which can easily release oxygen to support combustion, and can, under appropriate conditions, or mixed with other substances, cause an explosion.

5.1. subclass

Oxidising substances, which in themselves are not combustible, but contribute to the combustibility of other substances and produce oxygen during combustion, thereby increasing the intensity of the fire.

5.2. subclass

Organic peroxides, which in many cases are combustible, may act as oxidising agents, and interact with other dangerous substances. Many of them are easy to light and sensitive to shock and friction.
Indīgu vielu kravu pārvadājumi

6. class

Toxic and infectious substances which can cause death, poisoning or illness if inhaled, absorbed through the skin or swallowed.

6.1. subclass

Poisonous (toxic) substances that can cause poisoning by inhalation (fumes, dust), skin absorption or ingestion.

6.2. subclass

Substances and materials containing pathogens dangerous to humans and animals.
īpaši radioaktīvu vielu transportēšana

7. class

Radioactive substances with a specific activity exceeding 70 kJ/kg.
Radioaktīvu vielu transportēšana

8. class

Corrosive and caustic substances that cause skin damage, damage to mucous membranes and the respiratory tract, metal corrosion and damage to vehicles and cargo and may cause fire in contact with organic materials or certain chemicals.

8.1. subclass — acids
8.2. subclass — alkali
8.3. subclass — different corrosive and caustic substances
Kodīgu vielu transportēšana

9. class

Substances with relatively low risks in transportation, not otherwise classified, which require the application of certain rules for transport and storage.

9.1. subclass

Solid and liquid combustible substances and materials not included in Class 3 or Class 4 that can, under certain conditions, be a fire hazard (flammable liquids with a flash point in a closed crucible from +61 °C to +100 °C, fibres and other similar materials).

9.2. subclass

Substances that become corrosive and caustic under certain conditions.
Let our team of professionals with more than 13 years of experience take care of your ADR/hazardous cargo needs. Fill in the quote request form and our specialists will contact you shortly.
If you are interested in ADR/hazardous cargo services and would like to receive expert advice, please use the "Ask for advice" button on the home page of our website and we will gladly answer your queries.


Frequently asked questions about the delivery of dangerous goods:

What information is required to calculate the price for ADR freight?
To calculate the cost, we will need the following information:
  1. the place of loading (address, postal code, port or airport);
  2. the place of delivery (address, postal code, port or airport);
  3. the volume of the cargo;
  4. a description of the cargo, including information on the category of hazardous cargo;
  5. information on the chosen mode of transport; * cargo readiness date and preferred delivery date.

Hazardous Cargo transportation with good reputation

Your best offer for hazardous cargo shipments is just a few clicks away. The quickest way to receive a quote is using the "Get an offer" button. We will be happy to become your trusted logistics partner and take care of your hazardous cargo shipments and related services.


Raunas street 44/1, LV-1039, Riga, Latvia

+371 66100250

E-mail: info@ursus.lv

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